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J Adhes Dent. 2019;21(2):107-116. doi: 10.3290/j.jad.a42361.

Chemical Bonding to Novel Translucent Zirconias: A Mechanical and Molecular Investigation.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate direct bonding of a 10-MDP-based cement to two novel translucent yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal ceramics (4Y-TZP, 5Y-TZP) and observe the influence of thermocycling on this bonding.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Powders of presintered and isostatically pressed 5Y-TZP, 4Y-TZP and 3Y-TZP were mixed with a 10-MDP-based cement (Panavia F 2.0), then stored in deionized water for 48 h at 37°C or thermocycled 10,000 times. Raman spectroscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy were used to assess the presence of a functional group (PO32-) that could indicate bonding before and after thermocycling. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was used to identify the presence of the suspected Zr-O-P bond in the same specimens. A shear-bond strength (SBS) test was conducted based on ISO 29022:2013.

RESULTS:

Marked peaks assigned to the asymmetric vibrations of the PO32- functional group were observed in both zirconias before and after thermocycling. The binding energy corresponding to Zr-O-P interactions (531.5 eV) was masked by the aluminosilicate in the filler of the cement. Shear bond strengths were approximately 20 MPa after water storage and approximately 6 MPa after thermocycling. No differences were found between the control group and the translucent zirconias.

CONCLUSION:

Direct bonding of the 10-MDP-based cement to both 4Y-TZP and 5Y-TZP was highly plausible. Both 4Y-TZP and 5Y-TZP may be promising alternatives to glass-ceramic restorations.

KEYWORDS:

10-MDP; chemical bond; shear bond strength; thermocycling; translucent; zirconia

PMID:
30949624
DOI:
10.3290/j.jad.a42361

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