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Small. 2019 May;15(21):e1900219. doi: 10.1002/smll.201900219. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Strain-Mediated Phase Stabilization: A New Strategy for Ultrastable α-CsPbI3 Perovskite by Nanoconfined Growth.

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Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, 03722, Republic of Korea.
Department of Materials Science and Engineering and Division of Advanced Materials Science, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang, 37673, Republic of Korea.


All-inorganic cesium lead triiodide (CsPbI3 ) perovskite is considered a promising solution-processable semiconductor for highly stable optoelectronic and photovoltaic applications. However, despite its excellent optoelectronic properties, the phase instability of CsPbI3 poses a critical hurdle for practical application. In this study, a novel stain-mediated phase stabilization strategy is demonstrated to significantly enhance the phase stability of cubic α-phase CsPbI3 . Careful control of the degree of spatial confinement induced by anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) templates with varying pore sizes leads to effective manipulation of the phase stability of α-CsPbI3 . The Williamson-Hall method in conjunction with density functional theory calculations clearly confirms that the strain imposed on the perovskite lattice when confined in vertically aligned nanopores can alter the formation energy of the system, stabilizing α-CsPbI3 at room temperature. Finally, the CsPbI3 grown inside nanoporous AAO templates exhibits exceptional phase stability over three months under ambient conditions, in which the resulting light-emitting diode reveals a natural red color emission with very narrow bandwidth (full width at half maximum of 33 nm) at 702 nm. The universally applicable template-based stabilization strategy can give in-depth insights on the strain-mediated phase transition mechanism in all-inorganic perovskites.


all inorganic perovskites; phase stabilization; polymorphism; spatial confinement; strain engineering


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