Send to

Choose Destination
Tumori. 2019 Jun;105(3):253-258. doi: 10.1177/0300891619839301. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Short-course olanzapine to prevent delayed emesis following carboplatin/paclitaxel for gynecologic cancer: a randomised study.

Author information

1 Medical Oncology Unit 1, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.
2 Unit of Pharmacy, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.
3 Gynaecological Surgery Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.



To explore efficacy of short-course olanzapine with or without low-dose dexamethasone for prevention of delayed emesis in gynecologic cancer patients receiving carboplatin/paclitaxel.


This was a prospective study in 81 chemo-naive patients receiving 0.25 mg intravenous palonosetron, 16 mg dexamethasone, and 10 mg oral olanzapine before chemotherapy. On days 2 and 3, patients randomly received 10 mg olanzapine (arm A; n=27), 10 mg olanzapine plus 4 mg dexamethasone (arm B; n=27), or 8 mg dexamethasone (reference arm C; n=27). The primary endpoint was total control (TC; no vomiting, no rescue antiemetics, and no nausea) on days 2-5, using a diary. Secondary endpoints included proportion of patients with no emesis impact on daily life using the Functional Living Index-Emesis (FLIE) questionnaire, and patient's satisfaction with antiemetic coverage.


Fifty-two percent of patients in arm A (P=0.406), 59% in arm B (P=0.779), and 67% in arm C had a delayed TC. Secondary analyses showed no significant difference across arms in any efficacy endpoint. FLIE scores as well as mean satisfaction scores were similar across arms.


In this exploratory study with a small sample size, we did not find any clue about better control of delayed emesis with either olanzapine regimen in gynecologic cancer patients treated with carboplatin/paclitaxel and receiving the same prophylaxis for acute emesis.


CINV; Carboplatin; emesis; olanzapine; palonosetron


Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center