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Hip Int. 2019 Apr 4:1120700019839206. doi: 10.1177/1120700019839206. [Epub ahead of print]

Risk factors for femoral stem breakage: an analysis of the AOANJRR results.

Author information

1
1 Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, Australia.
2
2 Discipline of Orthopaedics and Trauma, University of Adelaide, Australia.
3
3 Wakefield Orthopaedic Clinic, Adelaide, Australia.
4
5 AOA (Australian Orthopaedic Association) National Joint Replacement Registry, SAHMRI (South Australia Health and Research Institute), Adelaide, Australia.
5
4 Brisbane Orthopaedic Specialist Services, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION::

Breakage of the femoral stem component of a total hip replacement is now uncommon but continues to be seen with certain stem designs and in certain patient groups. Data previously published on this topic has been limited, either gathered from a single surgeon or centre, or included only a single stem design.

METHODS::

We reviewed the data from the Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry (AOANJRR), identified and analysed 143 stem breakages over a period of 16 years, covering 44 different stem designs.

RESULTS::

Our data confirms previously published findings that risk factors for stem breakage include patient age at implantation of under 70, male gender, as well as the use of exchangeable necks. We found no association with initial diagnosis, or type of acetabular component implanted. We did however also find, excluding exchangeable neck designs, that after 4.5 years a cemented stem had a significantly higher risk of breakage then a cementless stem.

DISCUSSION::

To our knowledge this is the 1st paper to suggest cemented fixation as a specific risk factor for stem breakage. The analysis of rare complications such as stem breakage is only possible through large data collection systems such as the AOANJRR. Whilst there have been recent advances in materials and manufacturing techniques, we recommend that surgeons are aware of all the specific risks when considering implant choices for individual patients.

KEYWORDS:

Cemented stem; cementless stem; national joint replacement registry; stem breakage; total hip replacement

PMID:
30945555
DOI:
10.1177/1120700019839206

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