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J Cell Biochem. 2019 Apr 4. doi: 10.1002/jcb.28620. [Epub ahead of print]

The expression profiling of circulating miR-204, miR-182, and lncRNA H19 as novel potential biomarkers for the progression of peptic ulcer to gastric cancer.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Kasr El Aini Teaching Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
2
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Translational Research Unit, Faculty of Pharmacy, Misr International University, Cairo, Egypt.
3
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

Deregulation of noncoding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), are implicated in the initiation and progression of gastric cancer (GC). This study is a pilot case-control study carried out on 75 subjects, 40 of them were Helicobacter pylori-gastric ulcer patients and 35 were GC patients recruited from the Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit in Al-Kasr Al-Aini Hospital, Cairo University in Egypt. Real-time PCR was performed to evaluate the expression level of serum miR-204, miR-182, and lncRNA H19 in patients with peptic ulcer-progressed GC vs nonprogressed peptic ulcer patients. Fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF-18)/FGF receptor 2 (FGFR2) expression and their downstream immunological and inflammatory signaling markers were assessed and their association with the addressed noncoding RNAs investigated. As regards miR-204 and miR-182, they were significantly increased (12.5 and 2.6 folds, respectively) in GU samples, compared with those of healthy control levels. The elevated levels of these miRNAs were significantly de-escalated in GC samples compared with GU and the fold decrease valued 2.2 fold for miR-204 and 1.8 folds for miR-182. On the other hand, the significant escalation in the level of lnRNA H19 in GU recorded a 16.6 fold increase and further elevation in its levels was evident in GC samples. The herein assessed miRNAs are correlated with disease duration and FGFR2 with miR-182 being significantly correlated with all inflammatory markers, TAC, INF-γ, matrix metallopeptidase 9, and FGF-18. In terms of diagnostic accuracy of assessed miRNAs (stages III to IV), the receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that serum lncRNA H19 showed the highest diagnostic accuracy (95.5%), specificity (100%), and sensitivity (90.9%), compared with miR-204 and miR-182, which showed the same specificity (60%), sensitivity (72.7%), and diagnostic accuracy (68.8%). Our findings conclude that lnRNA H19, miR-204, and miR-182 may function as novel prospective plasma biomarkers to detect GC and its progression from H. pylori-peptic ulcer, which would be helpful to improve the theranostics of GC.

KEYWORDS:

gastric cancer H. pylori-peptic ulcer; lncRNA; miR-204, miR-182

PMID:
30945348
DOI:
10.1002/jcb.28620

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