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J Cell Biochem. 2019 Apr 4. doi: 10.1002/jcb.28620. [Epub ahead of print]

The expression profiling of circulating miR-204, miR-182, and lncRNA H19 as novel potential biomarkers for the progression of peptic ulcer to gastric cancer.

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Department of Chemistry, Kasr El Aini Teaching Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Clinical and Translational Research Unit, Faculty of Pharmacy, Misr International University, Cairo, Egypt.
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.


Deregulation of noncoding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), are implicated in the initiation and progression of gastric cancer (GC). This study is a pilot case-control study carried out on 75 subjects, 40 of them were Helicobacter pylori-gastric ulcer patients and 35 were GC patients recruited from the Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit in Al-Kasr Al-Aini Hospital, Cairo University in Egypt. Real-time PCR was performed to evaluate the expression level of serum miR-204, miR-182, and lncRNA H19 in patients with peptic ulcer-progressed GC vs nonprogressed peptic ulcer patients. Fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF-18)/FGF receptor 2 (FGFR2) expression and their downstream immunological and inflammatory signaling markers were assessed and their association with the addressed noncoding RNAs investigated. As regards miR-204 and miR-182, they were significantly increased (12.5 and 2.6 folds, respectively) in GU samples, compared with those of healthy control levels. The elevated levels of these miRNAs were significantly de-escalated in GC samples compared with GU and the fold decrease valued 2.2 fold for miR-204 and 1.8 folds for miR-182. On the other hand, the significant escalation in the level of lnRNA H19 in GU recorded a 16.6 fold increase and further elevation in its levels was evident in GC samples. The herein assessed miRNAs are correlated with disease duration and FGFR2 with miR-182 being significantly correlated with all inflammatory markers, TAC, INF-γ, matrix metallopeptidase 9, and FGF-18. In terms of diagnostic accuracy of assessed miRNAs (stages III to IV), the receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that serum lncRNA H19 showed the highest diagnostic accuracy (95.5%), specificity (100%), and sensitivity (90.9%), compared with miR-204 and miR-182, which showed the same specificity (60%), sensitivity (72.7%), and diagnostic accuracy (68.8%). Our findings conclude that lnRNA H19, miR-204, and miR-182 may function as novel prospective plasma biomarkers to detect GC and its progression from H. pylori-peptic ulcer, which would be helpful to improve the theranostics of GC.


gastric cancer H. pylori-peptic ulcer; lncRNA; miR-204, miR-182


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