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Ann Surg. 1986 Nov;204(5):559-65.

Evidence for dual modulation of pepsinogen secretion using isoproterenol, carbachol, CCK-8, forskolin, 8 bromo-cAMP, and A23187 probes.


The cellular mechanisms by which pepsinogen (PNG) secretion is controlled are not understood. The aim of this study was to explore whether modulation of PNG secretion is mediated by cAMP or calcium-calmodulin (C-C). PNG secretion in isolated rabbit gastric fundic glands (IGG) was tested, using agents believed to act via cAMP or C-C. IGG were stimulated for 30 minutes with histamine (H) 10(-5) M, isoproterenol (I) 10(-5) M, carbachol (C) 10(-5) M, cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK-8) 10(-7) M, forskolin (F) 10(-5) M, 8 bromo-cAMP (8B) 10(-3) M, and A23187 (A) 10(-6) M. PNG levels were determined by spectrophotometric assay of hemoglobin digestion products. PNG amounts secreted were (mean per cent above basal levels of total IGG PNG units +/- SEM): H, -0.02 +/- 0.30%; I, 3.5 +/- 0.9%; C, 5.1 +/- 2.2%; CCK-8, 5.3 +/- 1.5%; F, 10.6 +/- 3.8%; 8B, 13.8 +/- 4.5%; A, 2.1 +/- 1.1%. All secretagogues except H stimulated PNG release significantly above basal levels (p less than 0.05). A primary histaminergic mechanism for pepsinogen secretion is unlikely. Since two other adenylate cyclase activators, isoproterenol and forskolin and the 3':5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate analog 8-bromo cAMP stimulated pepsinogen secretion, cAMP-dependence is probable. Since carbachol, CCK-8, and A23187, which are believed to act via calcium-calmodulin, also stimulated pepsinogen secretion, this system, too, presumably plays a substantial role. Thus the data support a dual 3':5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate/calcium-calmodulin modulation of pepsinogen secretion.

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