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Paediatr Anaesth. 2019 Apr 3. doi: 10.1111/pan.13645. [Epub ahead of print]

Apneic nasal oxygenation prolongs safe apnea time during pediatric intubations by learners.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology & Critical Care Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, USA.
2
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Apneic nasal oxygenation prolongs the time to desaturation during intubation of adult patients, but there is limited prospective evidence for apneic oxygenation in pediatric patients.

AIMS:

We hypothesized that apneic nasal oxygenation during operating room intubation of pediatric patients by inexperienced learners would prolong the interval before desaturation.

METHODS:

This prospective observational study compared intubation data for 196 pediatric surgical patients intubated by learners under baseline practice (no nasal cannula), to 160 patients enrolled after adoption of routine apneic nasal cannula oxygenation at 5 LĀ·min-1 . The primary outcome was elapsed time between anesthetic induction and pulse oximetry (SpO2 ) falling to 95, if ever.

RESULTS:

Nasal cannula oxygenation during intubation by learners delayed desaturation to SpO2 95 (risk ratio for this event before intubation 0.05, 95% CI 0.03 - 0.09; p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Apneic oxygenation via nasal cannula during intubation of pediatric surgical patients prolongs time before desaturation, thus extending the safe interval for airway management by learners. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Airway Management; Child; Infant; Insufflation; Intubation; Patient Safety; intratracheal

PMID:
30943324
DOI:
10.1111/pan.13645

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