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Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2019 May;40(5):399-404. doi: 10.1080/01612840.2018.1563255. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Mental Health Recovery Through "Art Therapy": A Pilot Study in Portuguese Acute Inpatient Setting.

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a RECI - Instituto Piaget, Viseu , Portugal.
b Hospital da Universidade de Coimbra , Coimbra , Portugal.
c Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra , Avenida Bissaya Barreto , Coimbra , Portugal.


The main aims of the study are to a) evaluate the effectiveness of a three session program of "art therapy" on changing emotional indicators (depression, anxiety, stress, and psychological well-being) in individuals with mental illness and b) analyze the meanings attributed to creative self-expression. We performed a pre-experimental mixed approach study, with a pretest-posttest design, with twelve Portuguese male subjects, admitted to an acute psychiatry unit. The instruments used were Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale [DASS-21]; and Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being [SPWB - 18] and a semi-structured interview. Comparison of the pre- and posttest indicated improvement in anxiety, stress, self-acceptance, purpose of life, and overall psychological well-being. The categories resulting from the thematic analysis of the interviews revealed the usefulness of the program in the participant recovery process. This type of psychosocial intervention in specialized clinical practice in Mental Health Nursing minimizes the disease's impact in an organizational culture that should increasingly be oriented toward recovery.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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