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Dalton Trans. 2019 Apr 16;48(16):5263-5270. doi: 10.1039/c9dt00789j.

Observation of a red Ce3+ center in SrLu2O4:Ce3+ phosphor and its potential application in temperature sensing.

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State Key Laboratory of Luminescence and Applications, Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3888 Eastern SouthLake Road, Changchun 130033, China.


In Ce3+ activated SrLn2O4 type phosphors (Ln = Y, Lu, Sc, etc.) only one Ce3+ center was previously reported to show a blue emission band. In this paper, we report the observation of a second Ce3+ center in SrLu2O4:Ce3+. The new center shows a red emission band peaking at 600 nm with an excitation band at 485 nm. We attributed the new center (Ce(ii)) to the substitution of the Lu3+ site and the original blue center (Ce(i)) to the substitution of the Sr2+ site. Spectroscopy studies indicate that Ce(i) centers are preferentially formed at a low doping concentration and the number ratio of Ce(i)/Ce(ii) decreases with increasing Ce3+ concentration until beyond 0.002. The fluorescence lifetimes of the two centers were measured for various doping concentrations. Energy transfer from Ce(i) to Ce(ii) was observed. It was found that the emission intensity of Ce(ii) centers reduces much faster than that of Ce(i) with increasing temperature from 83 K up to 350 K, implying their potential application in temperature sensing based on their temperature dependent intensity ratios. A relative sensing sensitivity as high as 2.28% K-1 at 283 K was achieved.


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