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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 May;26(15):15436-15442. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-04977-7. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Cutting after grafting affects the growth and cadmium accumulation of Nasturtium officinale.

Author information

1
College of Horticulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
2
College of Agriculture and Biological Technology, Hexi University, Zhangye, Gansu, China.
3
Institute of Pomology and Olericulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
4
Institute of Pomology and Olericulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China. llj800924@qq.com.
5
College of Economics, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.
6
Maize Research Institute, Neijiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Neijiang, Sichuan, China.

Abstract

The growth and cadmium (Cd) accumulation of emergent plant Nasturtium officinale R. Br. cuttings taken from plants grafted onto rootstocks of four terrestrial Cruciferae species were studied in a pot experiment. Scions from N. officinale seedlings were grafted onto rootstocks of Brassica chinensis L., Raphanus sativus L., Brassica napus L., and Rorippa dubia (Pers.) H. Hara. Cuttings were taken after 1 month and grown in Cd-contaminated soil (10 mg Cd kg-1) for 60 days. Compared with non-grafted N. officinale, grafting onto R. sativus and B. napus rootstocks increased the root, shoot, and whole plant biomasses of N. officinale cuttings. Brassica napus rootstock was more effective than R. sativus rootstock for increasing the biomass of N. officinale cuttings. The four rootstocks decreased or had no significant effect on photosynthetic pigment contents in N. officinale cuttings compared with non-grafted N. officinale. Only grafting onto B. napus rootstock enhanced antioxidant enzyme activities. Compared with non-grafted N. officinale, R. sativus and B. napus rootstocks decreased the Cd contents in roots and shoots of N. officinale cuttings, whereas the other rootstocks had no significant effect on the shoot Cd content. The four rootstocks had no increase effects on Cd extraction by N. officinale cuttings. Therefore, cutting after grafting did not enhance the phytoremediation ability of N. officinale for growth in Cd-contaminated soil. However, R. sativus and B. napus rootstocks decreased the Cd content in N. officinale cuttings, which offers a potential approach for N. officinale safety production as a wild vegetable in Cd-contaminated soils.

KEYWORDS:

Cadmium; Cutting; Grafting; Growth; Nasturtium officinale R. Br.

PMID:
30937751
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-019-04977-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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