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J Pediatr Neurosci. 2018 Oct-Dec;13(4):465-468. doi: 10.4103/JPN.JPN_31_18.

Rare Case of "Diprosopus Bicephalous Triophthalmus" and Review of Literature.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, Employees' state Insurance Corporation Medical College &PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
2
Department of Radiology, Employees' state Insurance Corporation Medical College &PGIMSR, Rajajinagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Diprosopus is a rare congenital anomaly, characterized by partial or complete duplication of the craniofacial structure. It constitutes 0.4% of all congenital anomalies. Complete duplications are invariably associated with systemic anomalies. Here, we present such a case of diprosopus with complete duplication of face in a 24-week-old male fetus, associated with anencephaly and spinal rachischisis. Proposed theory of embryogenesis and associated anomalies are also discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Anencephaly; bicephalous; diprosopus; spinal rachischisis; triophthalmus

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