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Asian J Neurosurg. 2019 Jan-Mar;14(1):325-328. doi: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_224_18.

Delayed Pneumoventricle Following Endonasal Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea Repair with Thecoperitoneal Shunt.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Achanta Lakshmipathi Neurosurgical Centre, Voluntary Health Services Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Pneumocephalus and pneumoventricle are well-documented in neurosurgical practice. Although both are common posttraumatic sequelae, iatrogenic causes are also well recognized. Iatrogenic causes may be seen after intracranial surgical procedures or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion procedures. Small amount of pneumoventricle postshunt procedure is usually a self-limiting condition. Rarely, the patient may develop tension pneumoventricle which requires emergency intervention. The occurrence of delayed tension pneumoventricle/pneumatocele following surgery for CSF rhinorrhea with CSF diversion procedures is very rare. We report one case of late presentation of delayed tension pneumoventricle with temporal pneumatocele in a patient who underwent transnasal endoscopic repair of CSF fistula followed by thecoperitoneal shunt. This condition is potentially lethal that requires prompt recognition and surgical treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea; pneumatocele; pneumocephalus; tension pneumoventricle; thecoperitoneal shunt

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