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Asian J Neurosurg. 2019 Jan-Mar;14(1):234-236. doi: 10.4103/ajns.AJNS_239_17.

Intracranial Hemorrhage Caused by Bacterial Meningitis: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

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1
Nishiyama Neurosurgery Hospital, 593-1, Kamo-cho, Sakaide-shi, Kagawa, Japan.

Abstract

Hemorrhagic stroke is an extremely rare complication in bacterial meningitis. Therefore, the incidence and prognosis have not been fully clarified. In this case report, we describe a case of intracranial hemorrhage caused by bacterial meningitis, which originated from paranasal sinusitis. A man visited the hospital due to fever, nonproductive cough, and oppressive pain of cheek. He was diagnosed with purulent sinusitis and received antibiotics. However, he suddenly developed a severe headache and came to our department. Computed tomography scan revealed right subcortical hematoma. We performed hematoma evacuation, but headache and fever did not cease. From the analysis of the cerebrospinal fluid, he was diagnosed with cerebral hemorrhage caused by meningitis and treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Through this treatment, his condition rapidly improved. Hemorrhagic stroke is a rare complication of bacterial meningitis, but if this condition develops, then, there is a high risk of mortality and morbidity.

KEYWORDS:

Bacterial meningitis; hemorrhagic stroke; intracranial hemorrhage

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