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J Bacteriol. 1986 Oct;168(1):115-22.

Structural studies on lipoteichoic acids from four Listeria strains.


The lipoteichoic acids were isolated from phenol extracts of four Listeria strains representing serotypes 4a, 4b, 6a, and 6 to compare the differences in structure of amphiphilic polysaccharides from various serotypes of Listeria spp. The lipoteichoic acids from the four strains examined had the same structure in both hydrophilic chains and lipid portions. On the basis of the results of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and Smith degradation, the hydrophilic chains were shown to be 1,3-linked poly(glycerol phosphate) in which some of the glycerol residues had alpha-galactosyl substituents. The lipid portions were released by treatment with 46% hydrogen fluoride or 98% acetic acid. They were determined to be 3(1)-(2'-O-alpha-D-galactopyranosyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl)-1(3), 2-diacylglycerol and 3(1)-[6'-phosphatidyl-2'-O-(alpha-D-galactopyranosyl)-alpha- D-glucopyranosyl]-1(3),2-diacylglycerol. The degrees of glycosyl substitution and proportions of the two lipids varied to some extent among these four strains.

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