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Cell Death Dis. 2019 Apr 1;10(4):298. doi: 10.1038/s41419-019-1532-2.

Anoikis resistant mediated by FASN promoted growth and metastasis of osteosarcoma.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330006, China.
2
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.
3
Division of Chemotherapy, Jiangxi Cancer Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China.
4
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. klleunga@hku.hk.
5
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China. wwlu@hku.hk.
6
Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Science, Shenzhen, 518000, China. wwlu@hku.hk.
7
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330006, China. zgm7977@163.com.

Abstract

The pulmonary metastasis of osteosarcoma (OS) occurs commonly, which resulted from anoikis resistant (AR) of tumor cells as reported by previous studies, but the exact roles of AR in osteosarcoma were not fully studied. Our previous investigations showed fatty acid synthase (FASN) was relating to clinical features of patients with OS. In this study, we aim to explore the functions of FASN in the AR OS cells in vitro and in vivo and study the downstream effectors of FASN. In the present study, we used our established cell model to study the AR. We revealed that AR promoted cell proliferation and migration as determined by colony formation assay and transwell assay. In addition, AR assisted tumor growth in vivo. In the AR cells, the expression of FASN was higher. Thus, we constructed lentiviruses to silence or overexpress FASN in four cell lines to study functions of FASN. Silence of FASN reduced cell colonies and migration while overexpression of FASN increased colonies and migration in suspended cells. Loss of functions of FASN induced cell apoptosis in suspended OS cells while gain of function of FASN suppressed apoptosis as determined by flow cytometry. We found the levels of p-ERK1/2 and Bcl-xL declined when FASN was silenced while they increased when FASN was overexpressed. In addition, results showed that the levels of FASN and its potential related molecules (p-ERK1/2 and Bcl-xL) increased in 143B-AR and MG-63-AR cells. In vivo study showed that inhibition of FASN decreased pulmonary metastasis of OS. In conclusion, we showed that anoikis resistant and FASN as two interactional factors facilitated the progress of osteosarcoma.

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