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Bone Joint J. 2019 Apr;101-B(4):390-395. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.101B4.BJJ-2018-1200.R1.

Rotational acetabular osteotomy for symptomatic hip dysplasia in patients younger than 21 years of age: seven- to 30-year survival outcomes.

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Hiroshima Prefectural Rehabilitation Center, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan.
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan.
Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan.



The aim of this study was to report the long-term results of rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) for symptomatic hip dysplasia in patients aged younger than 21 years at the time of surgery.


We evaluated 31 patients (37 hips) aged younger than 21 years at the time of surgery retrospectively. There were 29 female and two male patients. Their mean age at the time of surgery was 17.4 years (12 to 21). The mean follow-up was 17.9 years (7 to 30). The RAO was combined with a varus or valgus femoral osteotomy or a greater trochanteric displacement in eight hips, as instability or congruence of the hip could not be corrected adequately using RAO alone.


The mean Merle d'Aubigné clinical score improved significantly from 15.4 to 17.2 (p < 0.0001). The mean centre-edge (CE) angle improved from -2.6° to 26°, the mean acetabular roof angle improved from 3.0° to 5.2°, and the mean head lateralization index improved from 0.68 to 0.62. Progression of radiological osteoarthritis (OA) was seen in seven hips, but no patient underwent total hip arthroplasty.


RAO is an effective form of correction for a severely dysplastic hip in adolescent and young adult patients. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:390-395.


Hip dysplasia; Pelvic osteotomy

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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