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Anal Chim Acta. 2019 Jul 11;1061:13-27. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2019.01.034. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

High bandwidth approaches in nanopore and ion channel recordings - A tutorial review.

Author information

1
Bioelectronic Systems Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York City, 10027, NY, USA. Electronic address: hartel@ee.columbia.edu.
2
Bioelectronic Systems Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York City, 10027, NY, USA.
3
Plant Membrane Biophysics, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany.
4
Bioelectronic Systems Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University, New York City, 10027, NY, USA. Electronic address: shepard@ee.columbia.edu.

Abstract

Transport processes through ion-channel proteins, protein pores, or solid-state nanopores are traditionally recorded with commercial patch-clamp amplifiers. The bandwidth of these systems is typically limited to 10 kHz by signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) considerations associated with these measurement platforms. At high bandwidth, the input-referred current noise in these systems dominates, determined by the input-referred voltage noise of the transimpedance amplifier applied across the capacitance at the input of the amplifier. This capacitance arises from several sources: the parasitic capacitance of the amplifier itself; the capacitance of the lipid bilayer harboring the ion channel protein (or the membrane used to form the solid-state nanopore); and the capacitance from the interconnections between the electronics and the membrane. Here, we review state-of-the-art applications of high-bandwidth conductance recordings of both ion channels and solid-state nanopores. These approaches involve tightly integrating measurement electronics fabricated in complementary metal-oxide semiconductors (CMOS) technology with lipid bilayer or solid-state membranes. SNR improvements associated with this tight integration push the limits of measurement bandwidths, in some cases in excess of 10 MHz. Recent case studies demonstrate the utility of these approaches for DNA sequencing and ion-channel recordings. In the latter case, studies with extended bandwidth have shown the potential for providing new insights into structure-function relations of these ion-channel proteins as the temporal resolutions of functional recordings matches time scales achievable with state-of-the-art molecular dynamics simulations.

KEYWORDS:

Complementary metal-oxide semiconductors; Integrated electronics; Ion channel recordings; Lipid bilayer; Patch-clamp recordings; Solid-state nanopores

PMID:
30926031
PMCID:
PMC6860018
[Available on 2020-07-11]
DOI:
10.1016/j.aca.2019.01.034
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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