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J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A. 2019 Jun;29(6):801-808. doi: 10.1089/lap.2018.0601. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Laparoscopy-Assisted Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction to Treat Tumors of the Sigmoid Colon and Rectum: The Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of a Retrospective Study.

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1 Center for Difficult and Complicated Abdominal Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
2 Department of General Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.


Background: Few studies have assessed the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopically assisted natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) in patients with sigmoid colon and rectal tumors. We investigated the short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted NOSE for tumors of the sigmoid colon and rectum. Methods: Ninety-eight patients with sigmoid colon and rectal tumors undergoing laparoscopic-assisted NOSE were included. The tumor was classified according to its distance from the anal verge: Group 1 (15-30 cm), Group 2 (5-15 cm), and Group 3 (≤5 cm). In Group 1 patients, a laparoscopic surgical specimen collection bag was used as a special transrectal device. In Group 2 patients, transanal endoscopic microsurgery device and specimen collection bag were used. In Group 3 patients, a Lone-Star retractor was used. The demographic characteristics and intra- and postoperative outcomes were measured. Results: In Group 1, 1 patient had respiratory disease and 1 had enterocolitis as short-term postoperative complications. One patient showed intestinal obstruction as a long-term postoperative complication. In Group 2, 2 patients had an ileus, 1 had an anastomotic leak, 2 had urinary retention, and 1 had respiratory disease as short-term complications. Only one patient had a long-term complication: anastomotic stenosis. In Group 3, short-term complications were present in 3 patients: 1 had hemorrhage, 1 had urinary retention, and 1 had respiratory disease. Long-term complications included one case of anastomotic stenosis and one of intestinal obstruction. Conclusions: NOSE is safe and cosmetically and theoretically superior to conventional laparoscopy when different devices are used according to the tumor's location.


natural orifice specimen extraction; rectum; sigmoid colon; tumor


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