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J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2019 Aug;29(6):419-425. doi: 10.1089/cap.2018.0131. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Influence of Psychopharmacotherapy on the Quality of Life of Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

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1Outpatient Clinic of Transcultural Psychiatry and Migration-Induced Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Evangelisches Krankenhaus Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
3Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may have a lasting effect on the quality of life (QoL) of children and their parents. Children with ADHD as well as their parents report a lower QoL compared with healthy children and children with chronic diseases such as bronchial asthma. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the changes of QoL of children with ADHD and their parents' subjective well-being before and after starting pharmacotherapy. We used the appropriate KINDL questionnaire for assessing the children's QoL and the World Health Organization (WHO) Big Five Questionnaire for assessing parental well-being. Methods: We assessed the QoL and the parental well-being in 60 children and adolescents with ADHD between the ages of 6 and 12 years [mean age 8.7 years, (standard deviation = 1.8)], treated at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry of the Medical University of Vienna. QoL was rated using the KINDL questionnaires, and parental well-being was assessed using the WHO Big Five Questionnaire (WHO-5) before and after starting pharmacotherapy. We used t-tests and three-way GLM-ANOVA (SPSS, version 22; IBM Corp.) for evaluating the statistical significance of pre-post differences. Results: The QoL of the children with ADHD and the subjective well-being of the parents improved significantly after introducing pharmacotherapy. Conclusions: Pharmacotherapy is recommended in children with clinically significant ADHD not only because it helps to improve the symptoms of ADHD, but also their QoL and the well-being of their parents.


adolescents; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; children; psychopharmacotherapy; quality of life


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