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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 Apr 24;11(16):14810-14820. doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b01952. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Efficiency of MAPbI3-Based Planar Solar Cell Analyzed by Its Thickness-Dependent Exciton Formation, Morphology, and Crystallinity.

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State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structures and Materials , Jilin University , 2699 Qianjin Street , Changchun 130012 , China.
Department of Chemistry , Konkuk University , 120 Neungdong-ro , Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029 , Republic of Korea.
State Key Laboratory on Integrated Optoelectronics and College of Electronic Science & Engineering , Jilin University , Changchun 130012 , China.


In spite of the impressive progresses regarding perovskite-type solar cells, a clear understanding about underlying mechanisms therein is still sparse, especially because of the absence of spatially resolved device characteristics which should be linked to exciton formation efficiency, morphology, and crystallinity being estimated as functions of positions within active layers. Here, the planar CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) perovskite solar cells (PeSCs) with ZnO as the electron-transporting layer (ETL) were fabricated. By varying the wide range of MAPbI3 active-layer thickness, we estimate their device parameters and external quantum efficiencies in addition to internal absorption spectra (Q) by means of the transfer matrix method. Furthermore, the spectrally and spatially resolved internal quantum efficiencies (IQEs) as a function of the active-layer thickness within PeSCs were calculated, and the relationship between IQE and device parameters extracted from the current-voltage ( J- V) behaviors was discussed. It was found that the PeSC with MAPbI3 film thickness around 303 nm has a relatively high IQE and PCE, indicating that there is more power loss of PeSCs when the thickness of the MAPbI3 layer is either less or more than about 300 nm. Furthermore, time-resolved photoluminescence together with the thickness-dependent morphology and crystallinity of the MAPbI3 film demonstrate that there are two power loss processes in the fabricated PeSCs: one at the ZnO/MAPbI3 interface and the other in bulk. The present research is beneficial for further understanding of the fundamental physics for the PeSCs based on the ZnO ETL.


CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3); internal absorption spectra; internal quantum efficiency; perovskite solar cell; power loss; transfer matrix method (TMM)


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