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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2019 Jun;18(6):1157-1170. doi: 10.1074/mcp.RA119.001378. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Quantitative Early Auxin Root Proteomics Identifies GAUT10, a Galacturonosyltransferase, as a Novel Regulator of Root Meristem Maintenance.

Author information

1
From the Departments of ‡Genetics, Development and Cell Biology.
2
¶Plant Pathology and Microbiology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA.
3
§Section of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA.
4
From the Departments of ‡Genetics, Development and Cell Biology, dkelley@iastate.edu.

Abstract

Auxin induces rapid gene expression changes throughout root development. How auxin-induced transcriptional responses relate to changes in protein abundance is not well characterized. This report identifies early auxin responsive proteins in roots at 30 min and 2 h after hormone treatment using a quantitative proteomics approach in which 3,514 proteins were reliably quantified. A comparison of the >100 differentially expressed proteins at each the time point showed limited overlap, suggesting a dynamic and transient response to exogenous auxin. Several proteins with established roles in auxin-mediated root development exhibited altered abundance, providing support for this approach. While novel targeted proteomics assays demonstrate that all six auxin receptors remain stable in response to hormone. Additionally, 15 of the top responsive proteins display root and/or auxin response phenotypes, demonstrating the validity of these differentially expressed proteins. Auxin signaling in roots dictates proteome reprogramming of proteins enriched for several gene ontology terms, including transcription, translation, protein localization, thigmatropism, and cell wall modification. In addition, we identified auxin-regulated proteins that had not previously been implicated in auxin response. For example, genetic studies of the auxin responsive protein galacturonosyltransferase 10 demonstrate that this enzyme plays a key role in root development. Altogether these data complement and extend our understanding of auxin response beyond that provided by transcriptome studies and can be used to uncover novel proteins that may mediate root developmental programs.

KEYWORDS:

Arabidopsis; Developmental Biology*; Hormones*; Plant Biology*; Plant Cell Walls; Plant Stem Cells; Root Development; Targeted Mass Spectrometry; iTRAQ

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