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Epidemiol Serv Saude. 2019 Mar 21;28(1):e2017405. doi: 10.5123/S1679-49742019000100008.

Frailty prevalence and associated factors in the elderly in Southern Brazil, 2014.

[Article in English, Portuguese; Abstract available in Portuguese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Abstract

in English, Portuguese, Spanish

OBJECTIVE:

to analyze frailty prevalence and associated factors in the elderly in the city of Pelotas, RS, Brazil, in 2014.

METHODS:

this was a cross-sectional, population-based study of a sample of individuals aged 60 years old or older; a modified version of the Edmonton Frail Scale was used to assess frailty; prevalence ratios (PR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated using Poisson regression.

RESULTS:

frailty prevalence was 13.8% and was higher among individuals aged 75 years or older (PR 4.33 - 95%CI 2.94;6.39), those of the female gender (PR 1.46 - 95%CI 1.06;2.03) and those living without a partner (PR 1.54 - 95%CI 1.16;2.04); epilepsy (PR 3.58 - 95%CI 2.19;5.85), ischemia (PR 2.56 - 95%CI 2.00;3.28), and heart failure (PR 2.48 - 95%CI 1.92;3.19) were the morbidities most highly associated with frailty.

CONCLUSION:

frailty was associated with older individuals, the female gender, those living without a partner and those affected by multiple morbidities.

PMID:
30916238
DOI:
10.5123/S1679-49742019000100008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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