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J Caring Sci. 2019 Mar 1;8(1):61-67. doi: 10.15171/jcs.2019.009. eCollection 2019 Mar.

The Efficacy of Father Attachment Education on the Severity of Domestic Violence in Primegravida Women.

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Department of Midwifery, Student Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.
Department of Theology, Faculty of Humanities Science College, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran.
Department of Midwifery, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.


Purpose: In addition to physical and psychological tension imposed on women through pregnancy, the stress of the spouses' violence can cause harmful effects on both the fetus and mother. In Iran, there are limited data on this subject. Thus, learning attachment skills may be effective in reducing adaptation and domestic violence. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of paternal attachment on the severity of domestic violence in primgravida women. Methods: This quasi-experiment research was conducted on 150 pregnant women who were eligible and selected through simple convenience sampling. In the intervention group, four 90-minute training sessions were designed on father attachment, while the control group received routine prenatal care. A violence questionnaire was completed both before and after the intervention (36-38 weeks of pregnancy) in both case and control groups. Data analysis was done in SPSS software, using paired t-test and independent t-test. Results: According to the results of an independent t-test, there was no significant difference in psychological violence, physical violence, and economic violence. However, there was a significant change in social violence, sexual violence, and overall violence score. Conclusion: Training the fathers on behavior of domestic violence and its skills leads to reduced social and sexual violence. Therefore, it seems necessary to include education for the fathers in prenatal care.


Anxiety; Domestic Violence; Education; Fathers

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