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Am J Med Genet A. 2019 Jun;179(6):978-982. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.61137. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Novel mutations causing biotinidase deficiency in individuals identified by the newborn screening program in Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Author information

1
Nupad - Center for Newborn Screening and Genetic Diagnostics, UFMG - Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
2
Department of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
4
University Hospital, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Abstract

Biotinidase deficiency is an autosomal recessive inherited metabolic disorder caused by mutations in the BTD gene. Clinical manifestations can be treated and effectively prevented with pharmacological doses of biotin. Nine novel mutations in BTD are reported in 14 children diagnosed by the newborn screening program in Minas Gerais, Brazil, from June 2013 to December 2017. Serum BTD enzyme activity was determined for all cases and some parents. Two of the mutations are deletions and seven missense mutations located in the exonic region of the BTD gene, mostly in exon 4. Two newborns were profoundly biotinidase-deficient (one homozygous p.A534V [c.1601C > T] and another, double heterozygous for a novel mutation p.R211S [c.631C > A] co-inherited with an already described mutation p.T532 M [c.1595C > T]). Two mutations were associated with a partial deficiency of biotinidase (p.F361 V [c.1081 T > G] in two homozygous children, and p.S311 T [c.932G > C] in a compound heterozygous child who co-inherited a known severe mutation p.Y438X [c.1314 T > A]). The remaining five mutations were found in compound heterozygous children. Hence, a definitive conclusion about the degree of biotinidase deficiency is not possible yet. These results emphasize the importance of sequencing the BTD gene as an important tool to gain a better understanding of the correlation between biochemical phenotype and genotype.

KEYWORDS:

BTD gene; biotin; biotinidase deficiency; mutation; sequencing

PMID:
30912303
DOI:
10.1002/ajmg.a.61137

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