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Biomed Res Int. 2019 Feb 19;2019:1547626. doi: 10.1155/2019/1547626. eCollection 2019.

Stunting and Overweight among 12-24-Month-Old Children Receiving Vaccination in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Author information

1
Faculty of Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
2
Center for training of Family Medicine University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
3
Dist 2 Hospital. Member of Vietnam Young Physician Association (VYPA), Vietnam.
4
Department of Pediatrics, University of Medicine and Pharmacy at Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Abstract

Introduction:

Malnutrition and obesity are a double burden on children in developing countries and could induce higher risks of noncommunicable diseases in the long term. In the big cities of Vietnam, both issues are present and share the issue of nutrition problems; the prevalence of malnutrition in children is gradually decreasing while the prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly. The paper aims to identify the prevalence of stunting and overweight/obesity in apparently healthy young children in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC).

Methods:

A prospective cross-sectional study recruited 12-24-month-old children receiving national vaccination in community health centers in HCMC from February 2016 to July 2017. Sixteen healthcare centers were randomly selected among 8 districts of HCMC. Stunting and overweight were defined by height-for-age z-score <-2 SD and BMI z-score ≥+2 SD.

Results:

A total of 768 children had mean age of 16.8±4.2 months old, 51.7% boys. The prevalence of stunting and overweight/obesity was 8.2% and 10.7%, respectively. Stunting was associated with older age, boys, and low birth weight of children and occupation of mothers (P <0.05). No associated risk factor was observed for overweight/ obesity status.

Conclusion:

The prevalence of overweight/obesity was higher than the prevalence of stunting in 12-24-month-old children in HCMC. Overweight/obesity would be a public health problem for children in big cities.

PMID:
30911539
PMCID:
PMC6399549
DOI:
10.1155/2019/1547626
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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