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Int J Biol Sci. 2019 Mar 1;15(4):895-908. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.29744. eCollection 2019.

Systematic Analysis of tRNA-Derived Small RNAs Reveals Novel Potential Therapeutic Targets of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Buyang-Huanwu-Decoction) on Intracerebral Hemorrhage.

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Institute of Integrative Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.
Department of Gerontology, Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China.
Department of Neurology, Henan Province People's Hospital, Zhengzhou, China.
Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.


Although Buyang-Huanwu-Decoction (BYHWD), a famous traditional Chinese medicine, has been utilized to promote the recovery of neurological function in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) for centuries, its therapeutic mechanisms remain unclear. tRNA-derived small RNA (tsRNA) is a novel class of short non-coding RNA, possessing potential regulating functions. In the current study, we explored the novel therapeutic targets of BYHWD by tsRNA-sequencing. Rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham, ICH, and BYHWD-treated groups. The modified neurological severity score, corner turn test, foot-fault test, and weight change were used to assess neurological injury. After BYHWD treatment, these behavioral tests were obviously meliorated compared with ICH group in the recovery phase. In the rat brain tissues surrounding the hemorrhagic region, a total of 350 tsRNAs for exact match were identified. 12 of tRNAs (fold change >1.3 and P-value <0.05) were significantly changed in ICH group compared to sham group. Among them, 3 of tRNAs (rno-tRFi-Ser-25a, rno-tRF5-Ala-16a and rno-tRF5-Glu-29a) were markedly regulated by BYHWD treatment and validated with quantitative real-time PCR. Additionally, target prediction and bioinformatics analyses revealed that these tsRNAs could play therapeutic roles through FoxO signaling pathway, positive regulation of long term synaptic depression, autophagy - animal, IL-17 signaling pathway and regulation of cytoskeleton and transforming growth factor beta. In conclusion, tsRNAs are the potential therapeutic targets of BYHWD on ICH treatment. The present study provides novel insights for future investigations to explore the mechanisms, by which BYHWD promotes neurological function recovery after ICH.


Buyang-Huanwu-Decoction; intracerebral hemorrhage; non-coding RNA; traditional Chinese medicine; transcriptomics; tsRNA

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interest exists.

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