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Indian J Orthop. 2019 Jan-Feb;53(1):94-101. doi: 10.4103/ortho.IJOrtho_160_17.

Does Proximally Coated Single-Wedge Cementless Stem Work Well in Dorr Type C Femurs? Minimum 10-year Followup.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Ajou University School of Medicine, Ajou Medical Center, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.
2
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea.
3
Medical Research Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Jongno-gu, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Background:

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a proximally coated single-wedge (PSW) cementless stem had been generally considered not to be suitable for Dorr Type C femurs. This study compares the long term outcomes of PSW stem according to the type of proximal femoral geometry.

Materials and Methods:

307 primary THAs in 247 patients were performed with PSW cementless stem and followed up for over 10 years in this retrospective study. According to Dorr's criteria, 89 femurs were classified as Type A, 156 as Type B, and 62 as Type C. They were followed up for an average of 13.2 years (range 10.0-17.3 years). All the hips were evaluated clinically and radiologically.

Results:

There was no significant difference in stem survivorship and clinical outcomes including the incidence of thigh pain and the mean postoperative Harris hip score (HHS) in all three groups. No significant differences were observed in osteolysis, pedestal formation, or cortical hypertrophy among the groups. Radiolucent lines <2 mm in thickness in Gruen zone 4 and 7 (P = 0.003 and P = 0.044, respectively), spot-weld (P < 0.001), and stress shielding (P = 0.010) of proximal femur were more pronounced in Dorr C type femora than in Type A or B. Fifty-six intraoperative fractures were identified among 307 hips with PSW stems. The incidence of intraoperative or postoperative femoral fractures was not significantly different among the groups.

Conclusions:

From over a 10-year followup, the PSW stem provided a recommendable option with satisfactory outcomes and excellent stem survivorship regardless of the Dorr type.

KEYWORDS:

Arthroplasty; cementless; hip; proximal femur geometry; replacement

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