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Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2019 Apr;30:94-99. doi: 10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.01.012. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Association between early nutritional risk and overall survival in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer: A single-center retrospective study.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jsparkjs9000@naver.com.
2
Department of Clinical Nutrition, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: HMKIMQU@yuhs.ac.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: jeunghc1123@yuhs.ac.
4
Department of Converting Technology, Graduated of Venture, Hoseo University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: sakang@hoseo.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

We investigated the predictors of overall survival (OS) among Korean patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (PC) according to their baseline nutritional status.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed the data of 412 inpatients with PC between January 2007 and February 2015 at the Department of Oncology of the Gangnam Severance Hospital, Korea. Data on demographic and clinical parameters were collected from electronic medical records, and OS was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Stepwise Cox regression analysis was used to determine the factors associated with survival. Patients with a Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS) 2002 score <3 were classified as "no-risk; " those with a score of 3 were classified as "moderate-risk; " and those with a score of ≥4 were classified as "high-risk."

RESULTS:

Following nutritional screening at baseline, 194 patients (47.1%, mean age 61.8 ± 9.9 years) were classified as the "no risk" group; 81 patients (19.7%, mean age 65.4 ± 10.8 years), as the "moderate risk" group; and 137 patients (33.3%, mean age 67.8 ± 12.0 years), as the "high risk" group. Predictors of survival were NRS 2002 score (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.238; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.143-1.341), percentage of lymphocytes (HR = 0.973; 95% CI = 0.962-0.984), C-reactive protein level (HR = 1.003; 95% CI = 1.001-1.006), carcinoembryonic antigen level (HR = 1.000; 95% CI = 1.000-1.000), and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 level (HR = 1.000; 95% CI = 1.000-1.000). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed significant differences in the median OS among the NRS 2002 groups: "no risk" group: 12.3 ± 0.4 months (95% CI: 11.47-13.13 months); "moderate risk" group: 6.5 ± 0.9 months (95% CI: 4.78-8.17 months); and "high risk" group: 5.5 ± 0.6 months (95% CI: 4.31-6.69 months).

CONCLUSIONS:

A good baseline nutritional status was associated with OS among Korean patients with advanced PC. An improvement in the nutritional status of patients with advanced PC through baseline nutritional interventions is therefore necessary to prolong OS.

KEYWORDS:

Baseline nutritional status; NRS 2002; Overall survival; Pancreatic cancer; Percentage of lymphocytes; Predictor

PMID:
30904235
DOI:
10.1016/j.clnesp.2019.01.012
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