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Adv Genet. 2019;103:1-38. doi: 10.1016/bs.adgen.2019.01.001. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Multi-omics approaches for strategic improvement of stress tolerance in underutilized crop species: A climate change perspective.

Author information

1
National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi, India; ICAR-National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, Pusa Campus, New Delhi, India.
2
ICAR-National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology, Pusa Campus, New Delhi, India.
3
National Institute of Plant Genome Research, New Delhi, India. Electronic address: manoj_prasad@nipgr.ac.in.

Abstract

For several decades, researchers are working toward improving the "major" crops for better adaptability and tolerance to environmental stresses. However, little or no research attention is given toward neglected and underutilized crop species (NUCS) which hold the potential to ensure food and nutritional security among the ever-growing global population. NUCS are predominantly climate resilient, but their yield and quality are compromised due to selective breeding. In this context, the importance of omics technologies namely genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, phenomics and ionomics in delineating the complex molecular machinery governing growth, development and stress responses of NUCS is underlined. However, gaining insights through individual omics approaches will not be sufficient to address the research questions, whereas integrating these technologies could be an effective strategy to decipher the gene function, genome structures, biological pathways, metabolic and regulatory networks underlying complex traits. Given this, the chapter enlists the importance of NUCS in food and nutritional security and provides an overview of deploying omics approaches to study the NUCS. Also, the chapter enumerates the status of crop improvement programs in NUCS and suggests implementing "integrating omics" for gaining a better understanding of crops' response to abiotic and biotic stresses.

KEYWORDS:

Breeding; Climate change; Food and nutrition security; Genomics; Integrated omics; Omics; Proteomics; Transcriptomics; Underutilized crops

PMID:
30904092
DOI:
10.1016/bs.adgen.2019.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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