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Rheumatology (Oxford). 2019 Mar 21. pii: kez076. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/kez076. [Epub ahead of print]

Increased risk of coronary heart disease among patients with idiopathic inflammatory myositis: a nationwide population study in Taiwan.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology, National Cheng Kung University Medical College and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
School of Pharmacy, Institute of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
Department of Pharmacy, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.



To evaluate the risk of incident coronary heart disease (CHD) among patients with DM and PM in a general population context.


We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database containing records covering the years from 2000 to 2010. DM and PM were confined for the purposes of this study to those aged ⩾18 years who were eligible for the Taiwan catastrophic illness certificate. The diagnoses, CHD outcomes and cardiovascular risk factors were identified from electronic claims data. We conducted two cohort analyses: CHD and DM, and CHD and PM, excluding for each analysis individuals with CHD already identified at baseline. Data for the comparison group was obtained from the Longitudinal Health Insurance database, comprising 1 million persons randomly sampled from the total beneficiaries during 2000. We estimated hazard ratios comparing myositis with comparison cohorts, adjusting for potential cardiovascular risk factors.


A total of 1145 patients with idiopathic myositis were identified, along with 732 723 control patients aged ⩾18 years. The incidence rates of CHD were 15.1 in DM and 30.1 in PM per 1000 person-years, vs 8.4 and 10.5 per 1000 person-years in the comparison cohort. The adjusted hazard ratios for CHD in patients with idiopathic myositis were 2.21 (95% CI 1.64, 2.99) for DM and 3.73 (95% CI 2.83, 4.90) for PM.


Results of this general population-based cohort study suggest that DM and PM are associated with an increased risk of CHD.


coronary heart disease; dermatomyositis; idiopathic inflammatory myositis; polymyositis

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