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Indian J Dent Res. 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):61-66. doi: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_247_17.

Effect of sugar-free chewing gum on plaque and gingivitis among 14-15-year-old school children: A randomized controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Al Azhar Dental College, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India.
2
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Vokkaligara Sangha Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
3
Department of OMRD, Al Azhar Dental College, Thodupuzha, Kerala, India.

Abstract

Aim:

The aim of the study was to find out the effect of sugar-free chewing gums (xylitol and sorbitol) on plaque and gingivitis among 14-15-year-old school children.

Materials and Methods:

A single center, double-blind, randomized controlled trial was conducted on 14-15-year-old children. Sample size was determined to be 48. Participants were randomly allocated to test group (xylitol [n = 12], sorbitol [n = 12]) and control group (no gum, n = 24). Duration of the study was 14 days. Baseline assessment of plaque, gingival, and bleeding score, followed by oral prophylaxis. Selected children received daily two chewing gum (1.1 g each) to chew for 20 min postbreakfast and postlunch. Follow-up was done on 15th day. Analysis was done using independent t-test, ANOVA, and post hoc test. Significance level was kept at P < 0.05.

Results:

There was a significant reduction in plaque, gingival, and bleeding score in test group (P < 0.05) compared to control group.

Conclusion:

Sugar-free gum (xylitol and sorbitol) significantly reduced the plaque, gingival, and bleeding score.

KEYWORDS:

Chewing gum; children; dental plaque; gingivitis; sorbitol; xylitol

PMID:
30900659
DOI:
10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_247_17
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