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Indian J Dent Res. 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):27-30. doi: 10.4103/ijdr.IJDR_15_18.

Attitude and awareness of general population towards radiation hazards and safety: An institutional study.

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Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.



Radiological investigations play a pivotal role in the diagnosis and treatment of a wide range of procedures.


To assess the knowledge regarding adverse consequences of radiological examination and encourage awareness regarding radiation protection amongst general public.

Settings and Design:

A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study conducted amongst patients visiting the dental outpatient department.

Materials and Methods:

1,000 adult male and female patients within the age of 20-70 years who visited the outpatient department during May-July 2017 were included in the study.

Statistical Analysis:

Comparison of frequencies of responses to each item with age and gender was done using chi square test. For all statistical tests, P < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant, keeping α error at 5% and β error at 20%.


85.3% participants had visited a hospital earlier and 69.3% had undergone the procedure of an X-ray earlier. Out of those patients, only 24.7% of the participants had any knowledge about the equipment or the procedure while taking a radiograph. 5.2% of the participants were given any safety measures during the radiological procedure. 14.4% had knowledge of the risks and hazards associated with radiation.


This short study showed that there is a need for educating the general population about the hazards and risks associated with radiation exposure.


Awareness; radiation; radiation hazards

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