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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Apr;67(4):450-460. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1728_18.

Techniques of anterior capsulotomy in cataract surgery.

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Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, India.
Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.
Eye Care Centre, Princess Margaret Hospital, Nassau, New Providence, Bahamas.
Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital; Vision Eye Institute; Department of Ophthalmology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.


Optimal outcomes of a cataract surgery largely depend on the successful performance of an anterior capsulotomy. It is one of the most important steps of modern cataract surgery which reduces the risk of capsular tears and ensures postoperative stable intraocular lens (IOL). Anterior capsulotomy is considered ideal if it is round, continuous, well-centered, and overlaps the implanted IOL around its circumference. If any of these features is missing, it can be a cause of impedance for desired surgical and visual outcomes. Manual can opener and manual capsulorhexis are the routine standard techniques employed for manual extracapsular cataract extraction and phacoemulsification, respectively. Recent increasing use of femtosecond laser cataract surgery has allowed cataract surgeons to obviate inherent inaccuracies of manual anterior capsulotomy techniques. There is an ongoing quest to find an ideal, risk free, and surgeon-friendly technique of anterior capsulotomy that can be employed for surgery in all types of cataracts.


Capsulorhexis; Femto laser; Zepto laser; capsulotomy; pediatric capsulotomy; plasma blade

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