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Dalton Trans. 2019 Apr 16;48(16):5230-5242. doi: 10.1039/c9dt00507b.

Synthesis, characterization, and reactivity of dinuclear organo-rare-earth-metal alkyl complexes supported by 2-amidate-functionalized indolyl ligands: substituent effects on coordination and reactivity.

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Laboratory of Functional Molecular Solids, Ministry of Education, Anhui Laboratory of Molecule-Based Materials, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui 241002, P. R. China.


Two series of new dinuclear organo-rare-earth-metal alkyl complexes supported by 2-amidate-functionalized indolyl ligands with different haptic modes were synthesized and characterized. The treatment of [RE(CH2SiMe3)3(THF)2] with 1 equiv. of 2-(2,6-iPr2C6H3NHC[double bond, length as m-dash]O)C8H5NH (H2L1) and 2-(2-tBuC6H4NHC[double bond, length as m-dash]O)C8H5NH (H2L2) in toluene yielded the dinuclear organo-rare-earth-metal alkyl complexes {[η1:(μ2-η1:η1)-L1]RE(CH2SiMe3)(THF)2}2 [RE = Gd (1a), Dy (1b), Y (1c), Er (1d), and Yb (1e)] and {[η1:(μ2-η1:η1):η1-L2]RE(CH2SiMe3)(THF)2}2 [RE = Gd (2a), Dy (2b), Y (2c), Er (2d), and Yb (2e)] in good yields. When [RE(CH2SiMe3)3(THF)2] were treated with 2 equiv. of H2L1 or H2L2 in THF, the dinuclear organo-rare-earth-metal complexes {(η1:η1-HL)[η1:(μ2-η1:η1):η1-L]RE(THF)}2 (1ca: RE = Y, L = L1; 2ea: RE = Yb, L = L2) were obtained. The complexes could react with small organic molecules such as N,N'-diisopropylcarbodiimide (DIC), phenyl isocyanate, N-methylallylamine, phenylacetylene, pyridine, N-phenylimidazole, or 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) to yield a series of new complexes with different reactivity patterns along with the reported rare-earth-metal alkyl complexes. In the presence of cocatalysts, these dinuclear organo-rare-earth-metal alkyl complexes could initiate isoprene polymerization with high activity (100% conversion of 2000 equiv. of isoprene in 12 h), yielding polymers with high regioselectivity (1,4 polymers up to 96.1%).


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