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Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2019 Mar 11;13:12. doi: 10.1186/s13034-019-0274-3. eCollection 2019.

Gender differences in Korean adolescents who died by suicide based on teacher reports.

Author information

1
2Hallym University Suicide and School Mental Health Institute, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 176-14, Gwanpyeong-ro, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do South Korea.
2
1Department of Psychiatry, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22, Gwanpyeong-ro 170beon-gil, Dongan-gu, Anyang-si, Gyeonggi-do South Korea.
3
3Department of Psychiatry, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea.
4
4Department of Social Welfare, Suwon Science College, 288, Seja-ro, Jeongnam-myeon, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do South Korea.
5
5Department of Child Welfare and Studies, Sookmyung Women's University, 100 Cheongpa-ro 47-gil, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, South Korea.
6
6Department of Social Studies Education, Incheon National University, Songdo-dong, 119 Academy-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon, South Korea.

Abstract

Background:

We investigated the characteristics of adolescents who committed suicide in South Korea, and how these characteristics differed by gender.

Method:

Data from middle and high school students who committed suicide between 2014 and 2016 were analyzed. We evaluated differences in suicide method and place, personal characteristics, and school life characteristics by gender using the Chi square test and t test.

Results:

Jumping from a high place was the most common suicide method for both male and female students. A significantly greater proportion of female adolescents had experienced depressive symptoms, previous self-injury, previous suicide attempts, and had problems with school attendance and peers. Additionally, they were more likely to be classified as high risk according to a school-based mental health screening test and to utilize professional mental health treatment services.

Conclusion:

Our results demonstrate that adolescents who committed suicide exhibited gender differences in personal characteristics and school life. These characteristics might aid in the development of adolescent suicide policies and intervention programs.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; Gender; Suicide

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