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J Virol Methods. 2019 Jun;268:32-36. doi: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2019.03.008. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Construction of replication-competent oncolytic retroviral vectors expressing R peptide-truncated 10A1 envelope glycoprotein.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, Dankook University, Cheonan, 330-714, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Microbiology, Dankook University, Cheonan, 330-714, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: yjung@dankook.ac.kr.

Abstract

Replication-deficient retroviral (RDR) vectors have been generally used for gene therapy, but clinically beneficial transduction efficiency is difficult to achieve with these vectors. In recent times, attention has been focused on the use of murine leukemia virus (MLV)-based replication-competent retroviral (RCR) vectors. RCR vectors have been shown to achieve efficient tumor reduction in a wide variety of cancer models. Most RCR vectors have been developed from amphotropic 4070 A MLV env, which is broadly applied in basic research. In this study, we generated RCR vectors based on Moloney MLV by replacing the native env gene in a full-length viral genome with the 10A1 env gene. 10A1 MLV can infect a wide variety of cells. Unlike amphotropic MLV, the 10A1 MLV can use amphotropic MLV receptor Pit2 or gibbon ape leukemia virus (GaLV) receptor Pit1. The resulting construct MoMLV-10A1-EGFP was able to replicate in 293 T, NIH3T3, and Mus dunni cells. To evaluate the potential of MoMLV-10A1 vector as a therapeutic agent, we incorporated the yeast cytosine deaminase (CD) suicide gene into vectors. The resulting vector MoMLV-10A1-CD could inhibit the growth of human 293T cells upon 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC) administration. In addition, to lyse tumor cells by syncytium, MoMLV-10A1-R(-)-EGFP was generated by replacing wild-type 10A1 env with the 16-amino acid R peptide-truncated 10A1 env gene. Syncytium formation was observed in the TE671 human tumor cells, 293 T and PG13 cells upon transfection of the MoMLV-10A1-R(-)-EGFP vector. This result suggests that replication of this vector could be oncolytic in itself. We also found that syncytium could contribute to enhance cell-to-cell transmission of the retroviral vectors. Our results thus show that the MoMLV-10A1 vectors can be potentially useful for cancer gene therapy.

KEYWORDS:

10A1 env; CD/5-FC; Cancer gene therapy; RCR vectors; Syncytium

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