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Phytochemistry. 2019 Mar 18;162:148-156. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2019.02.014. [Epub ahead of print]

In vitro evaluation of hydroxycinnamoyl CoA:quinate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase expression and regulation in Taraxacum antungense in relation to 5-caffeoylquinic acid production.

Author information

1
College of Horticulture, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shen Yang, 110866, China; Exsitu Conservation Garden Evaluation Centre of Wild Vegetable Germplasm in Northeast China under Ministry of Agriculture, Shen Yang, 110866, China.
2
College of Horticulture, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shen Yang, 110866, China; School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang, 110016, China.
3
College of Horticulture, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shen Yang, 110866, China; Exsitu Conservation Garden Evaluation Centre of Wild Vegetable Germplasm in Northeast China under Ministry of Agriculture, Shen Yang, 110866, China. Electronic address: 1025265208@qq.com.

Abstract

Chlorogenic acids (CGA; including 5-caffeoylquinic acid and its regio-isomers) in Taraxacum antungense Kitag. have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and exert other pharmacological effects. T. antungense hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA quinate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase (TaHQT)1 and TaHQT2, which belong to the BAHD acyltransferase family, are candidates for synthesizing 5-caffeoylquinic acid and that have not been extensively characterized. In this study, we cloned the TaHQT1 and TaHQT2 genes and analysed the properties of the expressed enzymes both in vitro and in vivo. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR analysis revealed that TaHQT1 was highly expressed in the root, whereas the strongest TaHQT2 expression was observed in T. antungense leaves. In Nicotiana benthamiana leaf cells, TaHQT1 and TaHQT2 were localized at the cell periphery as well as in the cytoplasm and nucleus. The 5-caffeoylquinic acid concentrations in T. antungense calli were reduced by TaHQT1 and TaHQT2 knockdown relative to the control. Conversely, inoculation of T. antungense plants tissues with recombinant TaHQT1 and TaHQT2 increased 5-caffeoylquinic acid levels in situ. These in vitro and in vivo findings demonstrate that both HQTs are involved in regulating 5-caffeoylquinic acid biosynthesis in T. antungense, which can be exploited to increase 5-caffeoylquinic acid production in plants for medicinal or other beneficial purposes.

KEYWORDS:

5-caffeoylquinic acid; Compositae; TaHQT; Taraxacum antungense Kitag.; Tissue inoculation

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