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J Cosmet Dermatol. 2019 Mar 20. doi: 10.1111/jocd.12922. [Epub ahead of print]

A quantitative, objective method for evaluating the surgical outcomes of baggy eyelid correction using orbital gray scale analysis.

Yang S1,2, Kim BR1,2, Kim HS3, Choi CW2, Jo SJ1,4, Youn SW1,2.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2
Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
3
III's Dermatology Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
4
Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Baggy lower eyelids (BLEs) are a common cosmetic problem that is treated using various methods. However, validated objective methods for evaluating the treatment are limited.

AIMS:

A novel BLE correction procedure, transconjunctival fat resection, and subsequent fat grafting, was assessed using the orbital gray scale (OGS), a previously suggested objective measure for BLEs.

METHODS:

All patients were evaluated using both the tear trough rating scale (TTRS), a surgeon-derived evaluation method, and OGS, an objective computer-derived assessment. Changes throughout the surgery and their relationship to clinical characteristics, as well as the association between the two measurements, were statistically analyzed.

RESULTS:

A total of 50 patients who underwent surgery were analyzed. No major complications other than wrinkles were observed. All patients showed improvement in both the TTRS scores and OGS values (P < 0.05). Lateral OGS was improved to a greater extent in older patients (P < 0.05). Medial OGS change was associated with improvement of tear trough depression (P < 0.05). Lateral OGS change was related to decreased infraorbital fat herniation (P < 0.05). Total OGS change was related to improvement of both tear trough depression and fat prolapse (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

The total OGS change was significantly associated with improvements in tear trough depression and fat bulging. Therefore, it could be a convenient objective evaluation measure for eyelid correction procedures.

KEYWORDS:

Baggy lower eyelids; blepharoplasty; infraorbital fat herniation; orbital gray scale; tear trough

PMID:
30895705
DOI:
10.1111/jocd.12922

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