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Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol. 2019 Feb 13;2019:2613962. doi: 10.1155/2019/2613962. eCollection 2019.

Challenges in the Contemporary Management of Syphilis among Pregnant Women in New Orleans, LA.

Author information

1
Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Houston, TX, USA.
2
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New Orleans, LA, USA.
3
Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, USA.
4
Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Section of Neonatology, Houston, TX, USA.
5
Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Abstract

Objective:

The aim of this retrospective review is to evaluate trends in the management of maternal and congenital syphilis (CS) in a tertiary care center in New Orleans, LA.

Study Design:

All cases of maternal and neonatal syphilis over a five year period at Touro Infirmary, New Orleans, LA, were identified using ICD-9/10 codes. Charts were reviewed for demographic and obstetrical variables, stage of syphilis at diagnosis, lab values, and treatment regimen. Newborn treatment and other outcomes were recorded.

Results:

During the study period 106 infected mother-baby pairs were identified. Of these, 73 charts are available for review. 41% (n = 30) of women received inadequate therapy according to their stage of disease. 9% of newborns (n = 6) were found to be symptomatic for CS; however, only 83.3% of these were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Only 20% (n = 6) of infants were adequately treated with an extended penicillin regimen if the mother was not adequately treated. Furthermore, only 63.0% of newborns had a nontreponemal titer performed.

Conclusion:

With rising rates of CS, strict adherence to the 2015 CDC guidelines for treatment of syphilis must be maintained.

PMID:
30894787
PMCID:
PMC6393911
DOI:
10.1155/2019/2613962
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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