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Sci Rep. 2019 Mar 20;9(1):4892. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-39316-w.

Benefits of a Bacillus probiotic to larval fish survival and transport stress resistance.

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Mote Marine Laboratory, Marine Immunology Program, 1600 Ken Thompson Parkway, Sarasota, FL, 34236, USA.
Marine Science Center, Northeastern University, 430 Nahant Road, Nahant, Massachusetts, 01908, USA.
Mote Marine Laboratory, Marine and Freshwater Aquaculture Program, 874 WR Mote Way, Sarasota, FL, 34240, USA.


The need for sustainable bacterial management approaches in aquaculture is crucial for advancement of the industry. Probiotics are a promising strategy as evidenced by benefits demonstrated in intensive larviculture of various marine fish species. In this study we investigate the effects of a mixed Bacillus species (B. licheniformis and B. amyloliquefaciens) probiotic on rearing of larval common snook (Centropomus undecimalis). Experimental treatments included (1) probiotics supplemented to the water and live feed, (2) probiotics supplemented to the water only, and (3) no probiotic controls. Data from two separate trials indicated up to 2.5 times higher survival with probiotic addition, as well as 20% higher survival 7 days following a transport event. These benefits were not explained by faster growth, measured water quality parameters, or innate immune enzyme activities. Microbiota analysis indicated the importance of system stabilization prior to larval stocking to improve rearing success and probiotic performance. ied Potential probiotic benefits include accelerated gastrointestinal tract development, enhanced immunity, inhibition of opportunistic bacteria, and improvements to water quality parameters. Results suggest this probiotic should be tested in other marine fish species in order to reduce larval rearing bottlenecks.

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