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Nat Commun. 2019 Mar 20;10(1):1284. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09304-9.

Sequence variation at ANAPC1 accounts for 24% of the variability in corneal endothelial cell density.

Author information

1
deCODE genetics/Amgen, Reykjavik, Iceland.
2
School of Engineering and Natural Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
3
Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
4
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Landspitali, The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
5
Department of Immunology, Landspitali, The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
6
Department of Ophthalmology, Landspitali, The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.
7
deCODE genetics/Amgen, Reykjavik, Iceland. hilma.holm@decode.is.
8
deCODE genetics/Amgen, Reykjavik, Iceland. kari.stefansson@decode.is.
9
Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. kari.stefansson@decode.is.

Abstract

The corneal endothelium is vital for transparency and proper hydration of the cornea. Here, we conduct a genome-wide association study of corneal endothelial cell density (cells/mm2), coefficient of cell size variation (CV), percentage of hexagonal cells (HEX) and central corneal thickness (CCT) in 6,125 Icelanders and find associations at 10 loci, including 7 novel. We assess the effects of these variants on various ocular biomechanics such as corneal hysteresis (CH), as well as eye diseases such as glaucoma and corneal dystrophies. Most notably, an intergenic variant close to ANAPC1 (rs78658973[A], frequency = 28.3%) strongly associates with decreased cell density and accounts for 24% of the population variance in cell density (β = -0.77 SD, P = 1.8 × 10-314) and associates with increased CH (β = 0.19 SD, P = 2.6 × 10-19) without affecting risk of corneal diseases and glaucoma. Our findings indicate that despite correlations between cell density and eye diseases, low cell density does not increase the risk of disease.

PMID:
30894546
PMCID:
PMC6427039
DOI:
10.1038/s41467-019-09304-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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