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Complement Med Res. 2019;26(2):111-117. doi: 10.1159/000494621. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

A Systematic Review of Controlled Trials of Homeopathy in Bronchial Asthma.

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Department of Homeopathy, District Joint Hospital, Government of Bihar, Darbhanga, India,
Department of Organon of Medicine and Homoeopathic Philosophy, Sri Sai Nath Postgraduate Institute of Homoeopathy, Allahabad, India.
Homoeopathy University Jaipur, Jaipur, India.
Independent Researcher affiliated to Central Council of Homeopathy, Hooghly, India.
Independent Researcher affiliated to Central Council of Homeopathy, Howrah, India.


in English, German

Homeopathy is a controversial form of complementary therapy, but is widely practised to treat asthma. The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the controlled trials of homeopathy in bronchial asthma. Relevant trials published between Jan 1, 1981, and Dec 31, 2016, were considered. Substantive research articles, conference proceedings, and master and doctoral theses were eligible. Methodology was assessed by Jadad's scoring, internal validity by the Coch-rane tool, model validity by Mathie's criteria, and quality of individualization by Saha's criteria. Sixteen trials were eligible. The majority were positive, especially those testing complex formulations. Methodological quality was diverse; 8 trials had "high" risk of bias. Model validity and individualization quality were compromised. Due to both qualitative and quantitative inadequacies, proofs supporting individualized homeopathy remained inconclusive. The trials were positive (evidence level A), but inconsistent, and suffered from methodological heterogeneity, "high" to "uncertain" risk of bias, incomplete study reporting, inadequacy of independent replications, and small sample sizes.


Bronchial asthma; Controlled trials; Homeopathy; Systematic review


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