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J Biol Regul Homeost Agents. 2019 Mar-Apr,;33(2):355-364.

Effects of CD133 on the biological features and in vivo oncogenicity of glioma cells.

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Department of Neurosurgery, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, e-mail:
Department of General Medicine, Daqing Longnan Hospital, Daqing, Heilongjiang Province, China.


This study aimed to investigate the effect of CD133 on the proliferation and migration of glioma cells and expressions of genes related to cancer stem cells/tumor stem cells (CSC/TSC) as well as their in-vivo oncogenicity. CD133-overexpressing U251-CD133 and U251-mock glioma cells were constructed. The effect of CD133 on in-vitro proliferation and the neurosphere-forming ability of glioma cells was determined by cell count and neurosphere formation assay. Real-Time PCR was performed to detect the expressions of CSC/TSC-related genes in the CD133-transfected cells. Nude mouse subcutaneous tumor formation assay was used to determine the effect of CD133 on the in-vivo oncogenicity of glioma cells. In serum-containing medium, human CD133 had no impact on the proliferation of U251 glioma cells, but the neural stem cells placed in serum-free medium promoted neurosphere formation. In the presence of CD133, the expressions of CSC/TSC-related genes were upregulated to varying degrees in glioma cells; CD133 greatly enhanced the in-vivo oncogenicity. In conclusion, CD133 promoted the upregulation of CSC/TSC-related genes in glioma cells, while enhancing the neurosphere-forming ability and in-vivo oncogenicity.


CD133; biological features ; glioma; oncogenicity

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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