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J Interv Card Electrophysiol. 2019 Mar 19. doi: 10.1007/s10840-019-00535-w. [Epub ahead of print]

Pan-Asia United States PrEvention of Sudden Cardiac Death Catheter Ablation Trial (PAUSE-SCD): rationale and study design.

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Jiangsu Province Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.
Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.
Fuwai Cardiovascular Hospital, Beijing, China.
West China Hospital, Si Chuan University, Chengdu, China.
Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.
School of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Saitama Medical Center, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Japan.
University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.
Department of Cardiology, Kyorin University Hospital, Mitaka, Japan.
Korea University Anam Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
Center for Arrhythmia Care, Pritzker School of Medicine, The University of Chicago Medicine, 5841 S. Maryland Ave. MC 6080, Chicago, IL, 60637, USA.



The role of catheter ablation as an adjunct and alternative to ICD implantation is not known in patients at risk for recurrent ventricular tachycardia (VT) and sudden cardiac death (SCD) across Asia. Patients with nonischemic etiologies of cardiomyopathy, which are highly prevalent in Asia, have not been previously enrolled in randomized trials of VT ablation.


To evaluate whether preemptive catheter ablation in patients with monomorphic VT and an indication for ICD implantation results in improved clinical outcomes compared to ICD implantation with standard medical therapy alone. To examine the natural history of ablation outcomes in the absence of background ICD therapy in patients that refuse randomization.


The PAUSE-SCD study (NCT02848781) is a prospective, multi-center, randomized controlled trial enrolling patients with structural heart disease (EF <‚ÄČ50%) with an indication for ICD implantation. Patients are randomized in a 1:1 fashion to two treatment arms: ICD with ablation and ICD with standard medical therapy alone. A prospective registry cohort was designed to follow the outcomes of patients who refuse ICD and randomization but elect to receive catheter ablation as primary therapy. The primary endpoint is defined as a composite of recurrent VT, cardiovascular rehospitalization, and death. Pre-specified secondary endpoints include each of the individual components of the primary endpoint in addition to comparison between randomized and registry patients.


The PAUSE-SCD study is a prospective, multi-center, randomized, and controlled trial examining the impact of preemptive catheter ablation on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with an indication for ICD at risk for recurrent VT and SCD. It represents the first multi-center VT ablation study in Asia, with a design intended to provide insights into the role of both ICD and ablation therapy in a predominantly nonischemic population.


Catheter ablation; ICD implantation; Sudden cardiac death


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