Send to

Choose Destination
Chemosphere. 2019 Jun;225:460-469. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.03.048. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Stability of aerobic granular sludge in a pilot scale sequencing batch reactor enhanced by granular particle size control.

Author information

School of Architectural and Surveying & Mapping Engineering, Jiangxi University of Science and Technology, Hongqi Ave.86, Ganzhou, 341000, Jiangxi, China.
College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Luoyu Road 1037, Wuhan, 430074, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:


Aerobic granulation was successfully achieved in a pilot scale sequencing batch reactor within 40 days. Then, stability of different particle size granules was explored according to their activity and resistance to ultrasonic crushing. Different particle size granules (0.3-0.6 mm, 0.6-1 mm, 1-1.43 mm, 1.43-2 mm, 2-3 mm and 3-4 mm) were exposed under different ultrasonic power separately. It was found that the granules with 2-3 mm always had the maximum granulation rates after ultrasonic crushing. Meanwhile, activity data showed that the 2-3 mm granules had the lowest specific oxygen utilization rates, which indicated that they were easier to maintain stability as the increase of their particle sizes was the slowest. So, 500 mL mixed liquid of the reactor were taken out and sieved to obtain the 2-3 mm granules, which were subsequently returned to the reactor to increase their proportion. Through the manual regulation, the proportion of 2-3 mm granules kept increasing which gradually became dominant in the reactor. Under the strategy of 86 days of operation, the aerobic granules were regular and compact, which had good removal effects of the real wastewater. The results indicated that the stability of the system could be greatly enhanced by the method, which provided a new strategy to maintain the granular stability.


Aerobic granular sludge; Particle size; Pilot scale; Selective sludge discharge; Stability

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center