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Nanoscale. 2019 Mar 28;11(13):6384-6393. doi: 10.1039/c9nr01306g.

Potentiating photodynamic therapy of ICG-loaded nanoparticles by depleting GSH with PEITC.

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National Engineering Research Center for Nanomedicine, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430074, China.


Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a clinically approved cancer treatment which utilizes reactive oxygen species (ROS) to eradicate cancer cells. But the high concentration of GSH inside tumor cells can neutralize the generated ROS during PDT, resulting in an insufficient therapeutic effect. To address this issue, we combined ICG-loaded nanoparticles with PEITC for potent PDT. ICG encapsulated in novel hydroxyethyl starch-oleic acid conjugate (HES-OA) nanoparticles (∼50 nm) exhibited excellent stability and efficient singlet oxygen generation under laser irradiation, promoted cellular uptake, and enhanced tumor accumulation, whilst PEITC depleted intracellular GSH significantly. As a result, PDT based on ICG-loaded NPs combined with PEITC synergistically suppressed cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. Potentiating ICG-loaded NPs with PEITC represents a novel and efficient strategy to enhance PDT efficacy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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