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J Med Internet Res. 2019 Mar 19;21(3):e12568. doi: 10.2196/12568.

The Case for a Hippocratic Oath for Connected Medical Devices: Viewpoint.

Woods B#1,2,3, Coravos A#1,4,5,6, Corman JD#1,3,7,8.

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I Am The Cavalry, Washington, DC, United States.
Biohacking Village, New York, NY, United States.
Atlantic Council, Washington, DC, United States.
Elektra Labs, Boston, MA, United States.
Harvard-MIT Center for Regulatory Science, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States.
Digital Medicine (DiMe) Society, New York, NY, United States.
Heinz College of Information Systems and Public Policy, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.
PTC, Needham, MA, United States.
Contributed equally


Prior to graduating from medical school, soon-to-be physicians take the Hippocratic Oath, a symbolic declaration to provide care in the best interest of patients. As the medical community increasingly deploys connected devices to deliver patient care, a critical question emerges: should the manufacturers and adopters of these connected technologies be governed by the symbolic spirit of the Hippocratic Oath? In 2016, I Am The Cavalry, a grassroots initiative from the cybersecurity research community, published the first Hippocratic Oath for Connected Medical Devices (HOCMD), containing 5 principles. Over the past three years, the HOCMD has gained broad support and influenced regulatory policy. We introduce 5 case studies of the HOCMD in practice, illustrating how the 5 principles can lead to a safer and more effective adoption of connected medical technologies.


connected devices; cybersecurity; delivery of health care; ethics; information technology

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