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Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2019 Mar 10;40(3):296-300. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2019.03.008.

[Prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly residents in Hebei province].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

Author information

1
Department of Non-communicable Disease Prevention and Control, Hebei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shijiazhuang 050021, China.
2
Department of Social Medicine, School of Public Health, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050017, China.
3
The Second Department of Cardiology, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050051, China.
4
School of Public Health, North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan 063210, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To understand the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly residents in Hebei province. Methods: Elderly residents aged ≥60 were selected though multistage clustering sampling during August to December, 2015. Design based methods were adopted to analyze the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in local residents of Hebei. Results: A total of 2 501 elderly adults were included in the study. The overall prevalence rate of hypertension was 63.7% (58.3% in males, 69.0% in females), the awareness rate of hypertension was 42.4% (35.7% in males, 48.0% in females), the treatment rate was 38.2% (32.0% in males, 43.3% in females), and the control rate was 9.0% (8.1% in males, 9.7% in females). The results of multivariate analysis indicated that age, sex, degree of education, BMI and central obesity were the factors influencing the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in elderly population in Hebei. Conclusions: The prevalence of hypertension was high, but the rates of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension were low in elderly residents in Hebei. The influences of overweight, obesity and central obesity on hypertension were significant in the elderly. It is necessary to standard the management of hypertension and reduce the risk factors for hypertension in elderly population to improve the control of hypertension.

KEYWORDS:

Awareness rate; Control rate; Hypertension; Prevalence; Risk factor; Treatment rate

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