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Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi. 2019 Jan 20;37(1):46-49. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1001-9391.2019.01.010.

[Incidence and trend of occupational diseases in a district of Beijing from 2004 to 2017].

[Article in Chinese; Abstract available in Chinese from the publisher]

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1
Shunyi District of Beijing Center for Disease Prevention and Control, Beijing 101300, China.

Abstract

in English, Chinese

Objective: To investigate the incidence of occupational diseases in a District of Beijing, from 2004 to 2017 and to analyze the distribution characteristics and incidence trends of occupational diseases. Methods: The data of confirmed occupational disease cases data in the occupational disease and occupational health information monitoring system in a district of Beijing from 2004~2017 were collected to analyze the incidence and trends of occupational diseases. Results: In 2004~2017, a total of 161cases of occupational diseases were reported in a district of Beijing, mainly pneumoconiosis (113 cases, 70.19%) . The average age of onset of pneumoconiosis was (51.65 ±11.10) years old, and the average age of dust exposure was (13.14±8.07) years, mainly including silicosis accounting for 85.84%, concentrated in small collective enterprises. Pneumoconiosis was mainly female, with 80 cases accounting for 70.80% of the disease; most of the working years were 10-20 years, the age of onset of dust pneumoconiosis and the duration of dust exposure were statistically different (P<0.05) ; The distribution of pneumoconiosis industry was concentrated on the manufacture of jewellery and related articles in 91cases (80.53%) , Compared with the non-jewellery and related articles manufacturing industry, the average age of onset were statistically significant (P<0.05) . Occupational diseases other than pneumoconiosis were mainly male; occupational ear, nose and throat (ENT) and oral disease male accounted for 86.96% of the disease, mainly concentrated in small enterprises, state-owned enterprises, the majority of working years wereconcentrated in 20~30 years; occupational infectious diseases accountded for 93.33% of the disease, mainly concentrated in small collective enterprises, most of the working years were less than 10 years. Conclusion: Occupational diseases in a district of Beijing are mainly pneumoconiosis, mainly in small collective enterprises, mostly historical issues, the number of reports of occupational ENT and oral disease and occupational infectious diseases are increasing, it is important to strengthen supervision and protect the health of workers.

KEYWORDS:

Occupational ENT and oral disease; Occupational diseases; Occupational infectious diseases; Pneumoconiosis

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