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J Mol Graph Model. 2019 Jun;89:131-138. doi: 10.1016/j.jmgm.2019.03.005. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Second-order NLO properties of bis-cyclometalated iridium(Ⅲ) complexes: Substituent effect and redox switch.

Author information

1
Institute of Functional Material Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, People's Republic of China.
2
Institute of Functional Material Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: qiuyq466@nenu.edu.cn.

Abstract

The iridium(III) complexes could be excellent second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) switch materials due to various advantages including abundant valence states, the diversity of coordination forms and rich electrochemical properties. In this work, the substituent effect and the multi-state switchable response of a series of novel Ir(CˆN)2ADC complexes (CˆN = cyclometalated ligands and ADC = diaminocarbene), induced by electrochemical behavior, have been calculated by density functional theory. The results show that the introducing strong electron-withdrawing groups on ADC ligands significantly enhanced the static first hyperpolarizabilities (βtot). Moreover, a distinct improvement of the βtot values can be found from the neutral complexes to the corresponding redox states. By this way, the remarkable multi-state NLO switch can be achieved. Remarkably, the βtot values of the one-electron-oxidized complex 1+ and the one-electron-reduced complex 1- are ∼5.4 and ∼12.7 times larger than the corresponding neutral complex 1, respectively. The larger βtot values are attributed to the lower transition energy and remarkable bathochromic shift of maximal absorption wavelength, which can be further illustrated by the separate distribution of β density. We envision that these studied iridium complexes can be seen as versatile and novel second-order NLO switching materials.

KEYWORDS:

DFT; Ir(III) complex; Redox; Second-order NLO response

PMID:
30884450
DOI:
10.1016/j.jmgm.2019.03.005

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